Develop Microservice with JAX-RS

Concept Description

ServiceComb supports developers in developing services in JAX-RS mode by using JAX-RS.

Development Example

  • Step 1 Import dependencies into your maven project:

xml <dependencyManagement> <dependencies> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.servicecomb</groupId> <artifactId>java-chassis-dependencies</artifactId> <version>1.0.0-m1</version> <type>pom</type> <scope>import</scope> </dependency> </dependencies> </dependencyManagement> <dependencies> <!--transport can optional import through endpoint setting in microservice.yaml, we import both rest and highway as example--> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.servicecomb</groupId> <artifactId>transport-rest-vertx</artifactId> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.servicecomb</groupId> <artifactId>transport-highway</artifactId> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.apache.servicecomb</groupId> <artifactId>provider-jaxrs</artifactId> </dependency> <dependency> <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId> <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId> </dependency> </dependencies>

  • Step 2 Implement the service. JAX-RS is used to describe the development of service code. The implementation of the Hello service is as follows:

```java import javax.ws.rs.POST; import javax.ws.rs.Path; import javax.ws.rs.Produces; import javax.ws.rs.core.MediaType; import org.apache.servicecomb.samples.common.schema.models.Person;

@Path("/jaxrshello") @Produces(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON) public class JaxrsHelloImpl { @Path("/sayhi") @POST public String sayHi(String name) {  return "Hello " + name; }

 @Path("/sayhello")
 @POST
 public String sayHello(Person person) {
   return "Hello person " + person.getName();
 }

} ```

Note: PLEASE MAKE SURE TO MARK @Path ON YOUR PRODUCER(JaxrsHelloImpl), OR THE PATH AND METHOD OF PUBLISHED WILL BE INCORRECT!

In this sample the Path of sayHi is /jaxrshello/sayhi, and the Path of sayHello is /jaxrshello/sayhello, if you wish them /sayhi and /sayhello, please change the setting of @Path on the JaxrsHelloImpl to @Path("/").

  • Step 3 Release the service. Add @RestSchema as the annotation of the service implementation class and specify schemaID, which indicates that the implementation is released as a schema of the current microservice. The code is as follows:

java import org.apache.servicecomb.provider.rest.common.RestSchema; // other code omitted @RestSchema(schemaId = "jaxrsHello") public class JaxrsHelloImpl implements Hello { // other code omitted }

Create the jaxrsHello.bean.xml file in the resources/META-INF/spring directory and configure base-package that performs scanning. The content of the file is as follows:

```xml <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

   <context:component-scan base-package="org.apache.servicecomb.samples.jaxrs.provider"/>

```

  • Step 4 Add service definition file:

Add microservice.yaml file into resources folder of your project.

  • Step 5 Add Main class:

```java import org.apache.servicecomb.foundation.common.utils.BeanUtils; import org.apache.servicecomb.foundation.common.utils.Log4jUtils;

public class Application { public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception { //initializing log, loading bean(including its parameters), and registering service, more detail can be found here : http://servicecomb.incubator.apache.org/users/application-boot-process/ Log4jUtils.init(); BeanUtils.init(); } } ```

Involved APIs

Currently, the JAX-RS development mode supports the following annotation. For details about how to use JAX-RS, see JAX-RS official documentation

Remarks Location Description
javax.ws.rs.Path schema/operation URL path
javax.ws.rs.Produces schema/operation Coding/decoding capability supported by the method
javax.ws.rs.DELETE operation http method
javax.ws.rs.GET operation http method
javax.ws.rs.POST operation http method
javax.ws.rs.PUT operation http method
javax.ws.rs.QueryParam parameter Obtain parameters from query string
javax.ws.rs.PathParam parameter Obtain parameters from path, This parameter must be defined in path.
javax.ws.rs.HeaderParam parameter Obtain parameters from header.
javax.ws.rs.CookieParam parameter Obtain parameters from cookie.

NOTE: - When the method parameter has no annotation and is not an HttpServletRequest parameter, the parameter is of the body type by default. One method supports a maximum of one body-typed parameter. - You are advised to explicitly define the value of the parameter. Otherwise, the parameter name in the API definition is used, such as @QueryParam\("name"\) String name String name instead of @QueryParam String name.