Saga User Guide

Prerequisites

You will need:

  1. JDK 1.8
  2. Maven 3.x
  3. Docker

Build

Retrieve the source code:

$ git clone https://github.com/apache/servicecomb-saga.git
$ cd servicecomb-saga

Saga can be built in either of the following ways.

  • Only build the executable files.

     $ mvn clean install -DskipTests
    
  • build the executable files along with docker image.

     $ mvn clean install -DskipTests -Pdocker
    
  • build the executable file and saga-distribution

        $ mvn clean install -DskipTests -Prelease
    

After executing either one of the above command, you will find alpha server's executable file in alpha/alpha-server/target/saga/alpha-server-${version}-exec.jar.

How to use

Add saga dependencies

    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.apache.servicecomb.saga</groupId>
      <artifactId>omega-spring-starter</artifactId>
      <version>${saga.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.apache.servicecomb.saga</groupId>
      <artifactId>omega-transport-resttemplate</artifactId>
      <version>${saga.version}</version>
    </dependency>

Note: Please change the ${saga.version} to the actual version.

Add saga annotations and corresponding compensation methods

Take a transfer money application as an example:

  1. add @EnableOmega at application entry to initialize omega configurations and connect to alpha

    @SpringBootApplication
    @EnableOmega
    public class Application {
      public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
      }
    }
    
  2. add @SagaStart at the starting point of the global transaction

    @SagaStart(timeout=10)
    public boolean transferMoney(String from, String to, int amount) {
      transferOut(from, amount);
      transferIn(to, amount);
    }
    

    Note: By default, timeout is disable.

  3. add @Compensable at the sub-transaction and specify its corresponding compensation method

    @Compensable(timeout=5, compensationMethod="cancel")
    public boolean transferOut(String from, int amount) {
      repo.reduceBalanceByUsername(from, amount);
    }
    
    public boolean cancel(String from, int amount) {
      repo.addBalanceByUsername(from, amount);
    }
    

    Note transactions and compensations implemented by services must be idempotent.

    Note: By default, timeout is disable.

    Note: If the starting point of global transaction and local transaction overlaps, both @SagaStart and @Compensable are needed.

  4. Repeat step 3 for the transferIn service.

  5. Since Saga-0.3.0, you can access the OmegaContext for the gloableTxId and localTxId in the @Compensable annotated method or the cancel method.

How to run

  1. run postgreSQL.

    docker run -d -e "POSTGRES_DB=saga" -e "POSTGRES_USER=saga" -e "POSTGRES_PASSWORD=password" -p 5432:5432 postgres
    

    Please check out this document, if you want to use the MySQL instead of postgreSQL.

  2. run alpha. Before running alpha, please make sure postgreSQL is already up. You can run alpha through docker or executable file.

    • Run alpha through docker.
       docker run -d -p 8080:8080 -p 8090:8090 -e "JAVA_OPTS=-Dspring.profiles.active=prd -Dspring.datasource.url=jdbc:postgresql://${host_address}:5432/saga?useSSL=false" alpha-server:${saga_version}
      
    • Run alpha through executable file.
       java -Dspring.profiles.active=prd -D"spring.datasource.url=jdbc:postgresql://${host_address}:5432/saga?useSSL=false" -jar alpha-server-${saga_version}-exec.jar
      

    Note: Please change ${saga_version} and ${host_address} to the actual value before you execute the command.

    Note: By default, port 8080 is used to serve omega's request via gRPC while port 8090 is used to query the events stored in alpha.

  3. setup omega. Configure the following values in application.yaml.

    spring:
      application:
        name: {application.name}
    alpha:
      cluster:
        address: {alpha.cluster.addresses}
    

Then you can start your micro-services and access all saga events via http://${alpha-server:port}/events.

Enable SSL for Alpha and Omega

See Enabling SSL for details.

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